Fighting Dengue



Dengue fever is a painful mosquito borne disease that causes chronic flu-like illness. This disease can be caused by four different viruses, which are spread by a particular type of mosquito. Dengue disease can vary from mild to severe. Some of the more severe forms of this fever are Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). You need immediate medical treatment once infected with these forms of dengue.


Currently, there is no vaccine for this fever. Dengue fever must be treated before it becomes Dengue hemorrhagic fever DHF or Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). This fever is very common in tropical and subtropical areas such as Central and South America, the Pacific, parts of Asia and parts of Africa.


Dengue Symptoms


The symptoms of dengue fever vary depending on different severity. The symptoms of mild dengue fever appear within 7 days after the bite of virus carrying mosquito.


The symptoms are:


High fever

Body rashes that can appear, disappear and then reappear

Aching muscles and joints

Nausea and vomiting

Pain behind the eyes


Symptoms of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever


During the onset of the disease, the symptoms may be mild. But the symptoms worsen gradually within a few days. If not treated in time, DHF can be fatal. The symptoms of mild dengue fever may occur among people with DHF. Besides, the patients may also show symptoms such as:


Clammy skin


Bleeding from mouth or gums

Weak pulse

Small blood spots under skin

Sensitive stomach

Low platelet count in blood

Internal bleeding that can cause black vomit

Considerably damaged blood vessels and lymph


Symptoms of Dengue Shock Syndrome


Dengue shock syndrome is the worst form and it might lead to even death of patients. Just like DHF, mild dengue fever symptoms can also appear during this stage. The other symptoms are:


Heavy bleeding

Sudden hypo tension


Intense stomach pain

Blood vessels leaking fluid

Regular vomiting



Causes of Dengue Disease


Dengue fever is caused by four types of viruses. Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes spread dengue viruses. Rarely, Aedes Albopictus mosquitoes also cause this fever. Though originated in Africa, Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes are currently found all tropical areas around the world. When an infected mosquito bites a human, the virus is transmitted to that person. Mostly, people suffering from dengue disease get better in 2 weeks. But, some may feel depression and fatigue for months after the infection.


Dengue Test


Dengue fever symptoms are similar to some other illnesses such as malaria or typhoid. Accurate diagnosis is essential to detect the disease. Assess symptoms, blood sample tests such as ELISA, RT-PCR and HI assay, evaluation of medical history of patients, etc are the methods to diagnose the disease.





Since Dengue is a viral disease, there is no specific cure or treatment for dengue fever. However, doctors can help you to relieve from the disease depending on the severity of the illness. Mild dengue fever can be treated by preventing dehydration and using pain killers. High vomiting and fever can dehydrate your body. In such case, you should drink clean water. Fluids and minerals can be replaced by the re-hydration of salts.


If the dengue fever is more severe, doctors may prescribe treatment options such as blood transfusion and intravenous fluid supplementation. It is important to consult a doctor immediately after facing few dengue symptoms and before taking any medicine at home.


When stepping out becomes difficult, get doctor consultations at home.




As mentioned earlier, there is no vaccine for dengue fever. Therefore, prevention is the best method to avoid dengue fever. In order to avoid mosquito bites, keep your surroundings clean. Mosquito repellants can be used to avoid bites. Use barriers and nets for windows. Stagnant water is the breeding ground of aedes mosquitoes.


Tips to Avoid Dengue


Empty watering cans and buckets and store them under shelter

Loosen soil form potted plants

Remove water from plant pots

Change water in flower vases every other day



If you ever find yourself or a family member in need, allow us to keep your health in check, with our in-home health care. Call us on +91-98710-05987 or visit us at www.calldoctor.co.in


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