First Aid Methods That Everyone Must Know

Medical aid or First Aid is an imperative ability.

First Aid


By performing straightforward methods and taking after specific rules, it might be conceivable to save lives by giving fundamental treatment until expert medicinal help arrives.


In an emergency there’s no time to read instructions. If you’ve memorized some of the basic procedures, it will help you react quickly and efficiently.



This advice is a general guideline for use in an emergency.

It’s not intended to replace professional classes in first aid and resuscitation.


Breathing Difficulties


In the event that somebody quits breathing, check whether the individual answers if conversed with or touched on the shoulder.


If not, call for help – and instantly start emergency treatment. Send observers for help.


But if you’re alone, perform basic life support for one minute before going for help.


1. Place the person on his or her back on the floor.


2. Tilt the head, so that the chin is pointing upwards. Do this by placing the fingertips under the jawbone, then lift gently while pressing down softly on the person’s forehead. This is done to make sure the tongue is not blocking the throat.


3. Keep holding the head in this way while checking for breathing. Look if the chest is rising and falling, or place your ear next to their mouth to listen for breathing and feel breath on your cheek. Only check for 10 seconds.


4. If there’s normal breathing, hold the head as described above until help arrives. If there’s no breathing or gasping breaths, start basic life support.


Step by step instructions to give essential life support


In grown-ups, the issue is typically the heart as opposed to the lungs – so cardiovascular compression start things out and salvage breaths second.


Try not to waste time checking for a heartbeat, if the patient is not reacting.


1. Place the heel of your hand amidst the mid-section over the bosoms. The heel of your hand ought to now be situated on the lower’s center 50% of the breastbone (not over the ribs or stomach).


2. Now spot the heel of your other hand on top of the first. Keep your fingers off the mid-section, by locking them together. Your weight ought to be connected through the hands’ heels just.


3. Keep your elbows straight, and bring your body weight over your hands to make it less demanding to squeeze down.

First Aid for Breathing Problem

4. Press down immovably and rapidly to accomplish a downwards development of 4 to 5cm, then unwind and rehash the pressure.


5. Do this at a rate of around 100 times each moment (which is quick and diligent work – you can assist yourself with saying so as to time and excluding noisy ‘one and two and three and four …’ and so on)


6. Do this 30 times.


7. Now open the aviation route by situating the head with the jaw guiding upward.


8. Pinch the nostrils close with two fingers to avoid spillage of air.


9. Take a typical breath, and seal your own mouth over the individual’s mouth, verifying there’s a decent seal.


10. Breathe gradually into the individual’s mouth – it ought to take around two seconds to sufficiently expand the mid-section.


11. Do this twice.


12. Check to check whether the mid-section ascends as you inhale into the understanding’s mouth.


13. If it does, enough air is being blown in.


14. If there’s resistance, attempt to keep the head down further and lift the jaw once more.


15. Continue with 30 mid-section pressure, then two salvage breaths – and just stop if the casualty begins to breath.


Try not to stop for some other reason, until another person can assume control from you. Change the individual doing the revival each couple of minutes, with no interference to compressions. In the event that there are two rescuers: one can do breaths and alternate compressions, still at a proportion of 30 compressions, then two breaths.




With all types of bleeding, it’s important to stop the flow of blood as quickly as possible.


Small cuts


Small cuts in the veins stop bleeding and clot within a few minutes. The area should then be washed, and a plaster placed gently on top.


Deeper cuts


Deeper cuts in the veins produce dark blood that seeps out slowly and steadily. It can be stopped by gentle pressure on the wound with a sterile or clean cloth, followed by the application of a clean or sterile bandage.


Often, these wounds need sewing or gluing, and almost all need a careful clean, so medical treatment will be necessary after first aid.


Arterial bleeding


Arterial bleeding must always be treated by a doctor.


Bleeding from an artery can cause death within a few minutes – so urgent first aid is essential.


This type of bleeding pulsates and squirts blood, as the pulse beats. The blood is often a light red colour.


To stop bleeding from an artery:


• apply hard weight on the injury, and keep this up until the patient gets medicinal treatment


• press with a sterile fabric or simply utilize your hand, if nothing else is accessible


• put a wrap on the injury if conceivable. On the off chance that the blood splashes through the wraps, press harder until the draining stops


• do not uproot the doused wraps, but rather put another on top if essential


• do not endeavor to clean the injury.


The person must be made to lie down, preferably with their head lower than the rest of their body. This will ensure that enough oxygen gets to the brain.


If possible, position the wounded area higher than the rest of their body – so that the bleeding, will be reduced.




Nosebleeds occur when one of the small blood vessels in the mucous membranes of the nose bursts. Blood may also run into the stomach and then be vomited up.


Do not bend the head backwards or lie down, because this increases blood pressure in the head and so increases the bleeding.


To limit the bleeding:

First Aid for Nosebleeding
First Aid for Nosebleeding


• pinch the nostrils shut with the index and middle finger for 10 minutes. This way, the vein is compressed, which is often enough to stem the flow


• while the nostrils are shut, the person must breathe through their mouth


• if the bleeding continues, it’s important to contact a doctor.


If the person frequently suffers sudden, intense nosebleeds – they should also consult a doctor.




Choking happens when the passage through the windpipe is blocked. This usually occurs when food that hasn’t been thoroughly chewed gets stuck.


If someone looks like they’re choking, ask them if they’re able to talk.


A person who is genuinely choking can usually only communicate with hand movements, and may place their hand against their throat. In such a case they will definitely need help, so summon assistance for them.


Provided the person is conscious and talking, you should not interfere. Encourage them to cough.


However, be prepared to do so, if the obstruction appears to become complete or markedly worse.


If the person is conscious, but struggling to breath, stand behind them and lean their head slightly forward.


Using a flat palm, strike them forcefully between the shoulder blades, in the hope they will cough up (and out) the item causing choking. Repeat up to five times.


If unsuccessful, proceed to the Heimlich maneuvers:


The Heimlich maneuver

Fist Aid For Chocking
Fist Aid For Chocking

1. Stand behind the person, who is choking.


2. Place your arms around their waist, and bend them well forward.


3. Clench your fist, and place it right above the person’s navel (belly button).


4. Place your other hand on top, then thrust both hands backwards into the stomach with a hard, upward movement.


5. Repeat this until the object stuck in the throat is expelled through their mouth.


If you need to carry out this manoeuvre on yourself, place a clenched hand above your navel (belly button) and your other hand on top. Then thrust your fist hard into your stomach.


Repeat this until the object stuck in the throat is expelled through the mouth.




Shock occurs when too little blood circulates to the brain.


This means that the brain is not receiving enough oxygen, which leads to a feeling of faintness, disorientation and dizziness.


Shock may occur:


• after an accident involving loss of blood


• after a serious infection, with loss of fluids


• after a serious burn


• after other accidents that cause loss of fluids or blood


• as part of an allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).


• When there is not enough blood in the blood vessels, the blood pressure drops and too little oxygen is circulated to the brain.


When this occurs a person may:


• go pale


• turn sweaty, clammy and cold


• become dizzy


• become anxious or restless


• have a weak, fast pulse


• have low blood pressure


• have slow, weak breathing


• lose consciousness


• become anxious or restless.


What to do if someone is in shock?


1. The person must lie on their back – preferably with their feet raised – to ensure enough blood gets to the brain.

Fist Aid For Shock
Fist Aid For Shock


2. Make sure the person is warm, comfortable and covered by a blanket if possible.


3. Do not give them anything to drink because they could run a risk of choking.


4. If the person vomits or bleeds from the mouth, he or she must be placed on their side to prevent choking.


5. Call for an ambulance. A person in shock must always be treated by a doctor.


At CallDoctor, we always suggest to consult a Doctor immediately after you feel any kind of illness. We should not start taking medicines without consulting a doctor however giving First aid is always beneficial to the patient till the medical help reaches you.

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